Brown Decision, Jim Crow, and Southern Identity (Mercer University Lamar Memorial Lectures #48) (Paperback)

Brown Decision, Jim Crow, and Southern Identity (Mercer University Lamar Memorial Lectures #48) By James C. Cobb Cover Image
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The 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling was a watershed event in the fight against racial segregation in the United States. The recent fiftieth anniversary of Brown prompted a surge of tributes: books, television and radio specials, conferences, and speeches. At the same time, says James C. Cobb, it revealed a growing trend of dismissiveness and negativity toward Brown and other accomplishments of the civil rights movement. Writing as both a lauded historian and a white southerner from the last generation to grow up under southern apartheid, Cobb responds to what he sees as distortions of Brown's legacy and their implied disservice to those whom it inspired and empowered.

Cobb begins by looking at how our historical understanding of segregation has evolved since the Brown decision. In particular, he targets the tenacious misconception that racial discrimination was at odds with economic modernization--and so would have faded out, on its own, under market pressures. He then looks at the argument that Brown energized white resistance more than it fomented civil rights progress. This position overstates the pace and extent of racial change in the South prior to Brown, Cobb says, while it understates Brown's role in catalyzing and legitimizing subsequent black protest.

Finally, Cobb suggests that the Brown decree and the civil rights movement accomplished not only more than certain critics have acknowledged but also more than the hard statistics of black progress can reveal. The destruction of Jim Crow, with its "denial of belonging," allowed African Americans to embrace their identity as southerners in ways that freed them to explore links between their southernness and their blackness. This is an important and timely reminder of "what the Brown court and the activists who took the spirit of its ruling into the streets were up against, both historically and contemporaneously."

About the Author


James C. Cobb is the B. Phinizy Spalding Distinguished Professor of History at the University of Georgia. His numerous publications include "Georgia Odyssey"; "Redefining Southern Culture: Mind and Identity in the Modern South"; and "The Brown Decision, Jim Crow, and Southern Identity" (all Georgia), as well as "The South and America since World War II"; "Away Down South: A History of Southern Identity;""The Selling of the South: The Southern Crusade for Industrial Development, 1936-1990;" and "The Most Southern Place on Earth: The Mississippi Delta and the Roots of Regional Identity."


Product Details
ISBN: 9780820357034
ISBN-10: 0820357030
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Publication Date: August 1st, 2019
Pages: 102
Language: English
Series: Mercer University Lamar Memorial Lectures